As the second oldest bicycle fitting system in the world, at BikeFit we’re passionate about making cycling enjoyable whether you’re riding a $500 or $10,000 bicycle. While most bikes are technically sound, improper positioning on the bike can result in a disappointing ride. Proper fitting ensures maximum comfort and a great ride with superior power/wattage. Anything less means riding with sore/numb hands, feet, derriere and inefficient performance. Our products, BikeFit Dealers, and BikeFit Pro Fitters are here to ensure every bike ride is a great ride!
1. Foot Pedal Interface
The goal of the “BikeFit: The Foot-Pedal Interface” is to develop the process of clinical assessment and adjustment of the cleat as it relates to lower extremity biomechanics of cycling. Humans are asymmetrical creatures. Yet bikes & pedal systems are designed symmetrically which inherently creates biomechanical challenges for the lower extremities. This course tackles the most crucial, and often misunderstood, connection point on the bike: the foot/pedal interface.
This section looks at the lateral view of the cyclist’s foot. The clinician will begin to understand where the foot should be positioned over the pedal in the fore-aft position, how this is assessed and, most importantly, how to make the proper cleat fore-aft adjustment. Considerations to accommodate cleat adjustments beyond typical shoe/cleat range will also be discussed.
In this section, the clinician will assess the front view of the cyclist. They will understand the relationship between the position/motion of the knee related to the foot. They will identify and go through the appropriate cleat adaptation to bring the foot under the knee including options for lateral positioning beyond the typical capabilities of cleat adjustment on the shoe.
In this section, the clinician will identify and see accommodations for the cyclist’s individual architecture including forefoot/rear foot varus and additional causes for valgus forces moving through the lower extremities. They will begin to understand the types of wedges used to adjust the cleat and/or foot into the proper angle to improve pedaling mechanics.
In this section, the clinician will gain a greater understanding of rotation and float for common pedal systems. The clinician will assess the amount of rotation the cyclist has while clipped into the bike pedal and learn to assess the necessary adjustments to allow for appropriate float in order to avoid frictional torsion between the tibia and fibula.
6. Leg Length
In this section, the clinician will discuss the difference between a structural and functional leg length difference. They will observe what a cyclist with a leg length difference may present. Discussion regarding types of shimming and techniques used to compensation for a leg length discrepancy will be explained
In the Seattle area? Take advantage of being local by contacting us to schedule a bike fit. We and our partners are here to help you optimize your comfort, maximize your efficiency and prevent injuries.
Why Use Cleat Wedges?
Research conducted on cyclist’s feet showed that 96% of us have forefeet that are canted or tilted up to the inside inward (“varus”) or outward toward the outside (“valgus”). The vast majority (87%) of cyclist’s feet tilt up to the inside. Unfortunately, almost all cycling shoes, cleats and pedals take this natural tilt and force it flat. This can generate knee pain, create a foot “hotspot” (where the inner or outer side of the foot feels hot) and diminish your ability to generate power.
Cleat Wedges® enable the cycling shoe to connect with the pedal naturally, by acknowledging the foot’s inherent angle. This creates a neutral foot position throughout the pedaling cycle, resulting in greater comfort and power. An illustration depicting foot and knee alignment before and after applying Cleat Wedges can be seen here.
Cleat Wedges are often used in conjunction with ITS Wedges® (in-the-shoe) which provide 1.5 degree of inward canting in cycling shoes that have ample room in the forefoot area. ITS Wedges can also be used to quickly determine if inward or outward forefoot tilt or canting exists.
For a 1mm leg length discrepancy (one leg is shorter than the other), we recommend “stacking” two (2) Cleat Wedges, placing two wedges on top of the each other with the thicker edges of the wedges opposite each other. For larger leg length discrepancies we recommend using Leg Length Shims.
Why Use In the Shoe Wedges?
Research conducted on cyclist’s feet showed that 96% of us have forefeetthat are canted or tilted up to the inside inward (“varus”) or outwardtoward the outside (“valgus”). The vast majority (87%) of cyclist’sfeet tilt up to the inside. Unfortunately, almost all cycling shoes,cleats and pedals take this natural tilt and force it flat. This cangenerate knee pain, create a foot “hotspot” (where the inner or outerside of the foot feels hot) and diminish power.
In the Shoe (ITS) Wedges® provide 1.5 degree of inward angulation (aka “varus”) in cycling shoes that have ample room in the forefoot area. They are often used in conjunction with Cleat Wedges® or as a quick way of determining if inward or outward forefoot tilt or canting exists.
As an alternative to ITS Wedges some people solely rely on Cleat Wedges which are placed between the cycling shoe and cleat.
In another part of the country or world? We have extremely qualified BikeFit Pro Fitters globally who can help. Locate a BikeFit Pro here.
Why Use Leg Length Shims?
Leg Length Shims (LL Shims) are used to compensate for leg length discrepancies (one leg is shorter than the other). Our LL Shims are made of high-density plastic to conform to the curve of the sole of the shoe. The SPD, Universal and Look Keo LL Shims are 3 mm thick while Speedplay’s LL Shims are 3.5 mm thick.
For a 1 mm leg length discrepancy, we recommend “stacking” two (2) Cleat Wedges. To create a stack place two Cleat Wedges one on top of the other with the thicker edges of the wedges opposite each other.
Why Use Pedal Spacers?
Not every cyclist’s feet stance width – the distance between the inside of the feet – aligns exactly to the distance dictated by the left pedal axle, left crank arm, bottom bracket, right crank arm and right pedal axle. For these athletes, pedal spacers, and some pedals with variable length axles, are the answer.
We offer 20 mm Pedal Spacers to everyone. For cyclists with smaller stance width needs, we recommend using one or two 1 mm pedal spacer washers, sold in bulk to our BikeFit Pros/Dealers. They also have the screws mentioned in the menu.
BikeFit’s Fitting Tools are typically utilized by our BikeFit Professionals, Physical Therapists, Podiatrists, and Physicians who work with cyclists.
The Cleat Screw Kit is a Bike Fit Pro’s best friend because it eliminates the difficulty (and in some cases impossibility) of finding the perfect type and length of cleat screw. For example, our Speedplay screws have Loctite® to help prevent them from coming loose.
The Cleat Screw Kit comes in a sectioned plastic container holding:
Cleat Screw Pick
Five (5) 1 mm Pedal Spacer washers
One (1) pair of 20 mm Pedal Spacers
Three (3) 4 mm Allen keys
Ten (10) of each of the following screws:
SPD 10 mm
SPD 12 mm
SPD 14 mm
Look 8 mm
Look 10 mm
Look 12 mm
Look 14 mm
Look 16 mm
Look 18 mm
Look 20 mm
Speedplay 12 mm
Speedplay 14 mm
Speedplay 16 mm
Speedplay 18 mm
Speedplay 20 mm
EDU Combo: When the Foot Meets the Pedal + BikeFit: The Foot-Pedal Interface ($5 Coupon)
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When the Foot Meets the Pedal + BikeFit: The Foot/Pedal Interface online are combined to save you money!
From Max Testa, MD:
Over 30 years ago during my Sports Medicine Fellowship, I was told that you cannot assess a cyclist’s performance or injury without looking at the bike fit. Since then, I have rarely evaluated a cyclist in clinic without checking her/his position on the bike. With practice, I also learned that the foot-pedal interface is a key factor for a successful bike fit.
With their new book “When the Foot Meets the Pedal,” established bike fit experts Paul Swift and Dr. Katrina Vogel have completed another step in their effort to educate on the applied science of bike fitting. This easy-to-read, well-illustrated book condenses a lot of information about the proper assessment of the cleat’s positioning and alignment. The readers, from bike fit professionals to the more serious cyclists, will find a lot of valuable and practical information, supported by great illustrations that take them step-by-step from the basics to the advanced understanding of the topic.
I strongly recommend the reading of this book. It will be a fun and productive experience.
Max Testa, M.D.
Intermountain LiveWell & Sport Performance Ctr, Salt Lake City, UT
Chief Medical Official, BMC Racing professional cycling team, USA
BikeFit: The Foot/Pedal Interface online is a complete, easy to understand, step-by-step process.
With your purchase of the EDU combo, you will receive the manual and a coupon code to register your use of the online course for 1 year with our partner, MedBridge Education (a small processing fee of $5 will be assessed upon registering).
Runtime: approx. 4 hours
When the Foot Meets the Pedal and BikeFit: The Foot/Pedal Interface online are components of the BikeFit Bicycle Fitting System™
BikeFit: The Foot/Pedal Interface is a complete, easy to understand, step-by-step process.
SwitchIt Rapid Saddle Changer/Tilt Adjuster
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SwitchIt™ enables a bike fitter or customer to change and adjust the tilt on saddles/seats in a few seconds enabling the rider to find the perfect fitting saddle. The patented, USA-made SwitchIt can be mounted to a variety of seat posts because it has variable-width rails while also accommodating a variety of indoor bikes (such as the CycleOps 400 Pro).
A Satisfied Customer
“Yesterday I shopped at Bikesport for a new bike seat. The salesperson, Cameron, did an excellent job. She took the time to show me several seats and placed them on a bike for me to sit on. When I was close to a decision I asked to go back and forth between a couple of seats several times. What made this so easy was that Bikesport had SwitchIt. What we did in a few minutes would have taken much longer, been a pain for Cameron and would likely have resulted in me making a decision that I would not have been comfortable with.”
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A Goniometer is a “must have” for fitting bicycles.
The BikeFit Goniometer (aka G-meter) was specifically built for cycling and is color-coded to easily and quickly determine joint and body position angles which are used to determine proper seat height, stem height and length, etc. The Goniometer includes measurement gradients for both handlebars and stems.
Manufactured in the USA of clear plastic, it is 16″ long when folded but with its arms extended it is longer than most medical goniometers.
The Goniometer is a standard component of the
Forefoot Measuring Device
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The Forefoot Measuring Device (FFMD) is placed on the bottom of the foot to help gauge forefoot tilt and determine the number and angle of Cleat Wedges and/or ITS Wedges needed to accommodate the cyclist’s varus or valgus feet.
Made of stainless steel it measures 5-3/4″ in length to 8-3/4″ wh
BikeFit: The Foot/Pedal Interface ONLINE
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The BikeFit Highlights DVD has been replaced by our ONLINE COURSE, BikeFit: The Foot Pedal Interface. This fabulous new tool works in conjunction with the BikeFit Manual for a complete, easy to understand, step-by-step process.
Purchase the course through our partner MedBridge Education
Runtime: Approx. 2 1/2 hours (repeat access granted for 1 year)
Format: Streamed Online
BikeFit: The Foot/Pedal Interface is a standard component of the
Laser, Velcro Knee Dot Straps and Sticker Dots Kit
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The Self-Leveling Laser lets you easily and accurately assess the frontview (knee over toe alignment) and side view (saddle fore/aft). Unlike many hardware store lasers, our laser self-levels nearly instantaneously while projecting perfect, extra-bright vertical and horizontal lines.
This kit contains the Self-Leveling Laser, a soft carrying case, a magnetic mount, two Velcro Knee Dot Straps and Adhesive Sticker Dots.
The Self-leveling Laser, Velcro Knew Dot Straps and Adhesive Sticker Dots are components of the BikeFit Bicycle Fitting System™
This pair of black Velcro elastic Knee Dot Straps are used to visually mark the tibial tuberosity (bump directly below the knee cap). They work great in conjunction with the Self-Leveling Laser to facilitate seeing the frontal view (Z-plane) while the cyclist pedals. Knee Dot Straps work great over tights, with sweaty and/or hairy-legged athletes (unlike stickers) without leaving a permanent mark (unlike a pen).
Adhesive Sticker Dots, which are also included, are placed over the second toe on the front outside of the shoe.
The Knee Dot Straps, Sticker Dots and Self-Leveling Laser can be purchased at a discounted kit price.
The Velcro Knee Dot Straps and Sticker Dots are standard components in the BikeFit Bicycle Fitting System™
Salsa Size O’Matic Stem
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The Salsa Size ‘O Matic stem is extremely useful for finding the right stem height and length.
Compatible with 25.4, 26.0, and 31.8 mm handlebars
Hinged handlebar clamp with a captured fixing bolt
Adjustment reach range of 55 mm to 155 mm
Adjustment rise range of -20 to +40 degrees
Fully compatible with uncut fork steerer tubes
Optional quick-release function for easy to reach adjustments
Deluxe plastic storage case
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Bunion (Shoe) Stretcher
Bunion Shoe Stretcher
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The Bunion Shoe Stretcher is used to stretch shoe spots in specific painful areas without stretching the entire foot box to accommodate for bunions, hammer toes and painful bumps of the feet.
Note: The shoe in center picture is not included
http://www.rbinc-sports.com Professional bicycle fit:
Improve COMFORT & ALIGNMENT with a WEDGE!
Studies show that 96% of all cyclists are misaligned in their connection to the bicycle, decreasing comfort & efficiency.
Of these cyclists, most have what is known as a Forefoot Varus (the inside of the foot tilts upward). This causes a misalignment as soon as you clip into a pedal as the pedal is flat.
Cleat Wedges are stackable to fine-tune to your unique forefoot tilt.
Figuring the amount of Wedges to start with can be done with the Forefoot Measuring Device (part# 7010101) or with the Foot Tilt tool on the BikeFit App for iPad.
|The BikeFit App for iPad is a great tool for providing visual information to the cyclist. Now you can measure forefoot tilt and SHOW the cyclist, making your wedging process even easier.|
Knee position at the top of the pedal stroke is the driver for setting stance width.
In the above scenario the knee is outside the toe line at the top of the pedal stroke but comes inward near the bottom of the stroke. Why?
It is actually quite simple. The stance is not set wide enough. Since the knee is attached to the foot (and pedal) it has no choice but to follow the foot (at the bottom of pedal stroke). Some old school solutions might have been to tell the cyclist to bring their knee inward. However, life rarely works that way. The real solution is to move the foot outward, underneath the knee as the knee is able to go where it wants to at the top of the pedal stroke…it has no choice at the bottom.
Remember: When you clip into the pedal, stance is selected for you.
“You self-select your stance (width) when you walk, run, stand or jump. It is the bike fitter’s job to help select it for you on the bike.””
– Dr. Katrina Vogel MS DPT.
When the knees go out, they are trying to tell you something. So adjust by moving the foot underneath the knee to select proper stance width and alignment.
In this example, we’ve shown you the right leg only in order to simplify our tip. In practice, you would do the same process with the other leg.
Drum roll….SOMETHING NEW!
Hex+ 20mm Pedal Spacers!
Hex+ 20mm Pedal Spacer Sets (part# 4030220) allow for larger adjustments when the lateral adjustment of the cleat simply isn’t enough.
And our new Hex+ adaptor solves a common problem for many who’d like to use a 20mm Pedal Spacer but have the wrong model/brand of pedals to allow their usage.
Look Keo, some Shimano, Crank Bros, etc., all need a Hex key to install their pedals into the cranks. 20mm Pedal Spacers do not allow for hex key.
The 6mm to 8mm Adaptor and the hollow 20mm Pedal Spacer lets pedals without wrench flats work with 20mm adjustment options!
The NEW Hex+ 20mm Pedal Spacers (#4030628) are available for purchase